This study examines the feasibility and potential elements of a legal framework for the development, design and application of artificial intelligence, based on Council of Europe standards in the field of human rights, democracy and the rule of law.
This study confirms that AI systems can provide major opportunities for individual and societal
development as well as for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. At the same time, it also confirmed that AI systems can have a negative impact on several human rights protected by the ECHR and other Council of Europe instruments, as well as on democracy and the rule of law.
The study has noted that no international legal instrument specifically tailored to the challenges posed by AI exists, and that there are gaps in the current level of protection provided by existing international and national instruments. The study has identified the principles, rights and obligations which could become the main elements of a future legal framework for the design, development and application of AI, based on Council of Europe standards, which the CAHAI has been entrusted to develop.